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Morning sickness during pregnancy is one of the worst aspects of early pregnancy experienced by many women. It is used to describe nausea and vomiting that occurs during initial stage of pregnancy. Although it is considered quite normal, in some cases it might become distressful.
Morning sickness is a common symptom especially during early initial stage of pregnancy. Nearly 60-80% of women feel nauseated in the morning, evening and night during the first three months of pregnancy. The nausea usually starts any time between 4-6 weeks. These symptoms are usually gone by the fourth month, however, in some cases, the nausea may return and continue throughout pregnancy.
Quite contrary to the common belief, morning sickness can occur throughout the day as it is not confined to the morning. Nausea or vomiting usually appears immediately after waking up in the morning and may continue throughout the day.
Although the exact cause of nausea or vomiting is not clear, the evidence points to the rapid changes in the hormone levels or lower blood sugar levels during early pregnancy. The body is going through a number of physical changes which can make women feel uneasy resulting in morning sickness.
During pregnancy, elevated levels of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) are thought to be one of the factors responsible in causing vomiting. Another hormone known as serotonin is also considered responsible for inducing nausea or vomiting. Estrogen is also known to play its role in triggering nausea or queasiness during pregnancy.
Morning sickness generally goes away by itself when the level of pregnancy hormonesdefine falls anytime during the second trimester. However, it may be dangerous if you experience excessive vomiting resulting in dehydration. This condition is known as hyperemesis gravidarum and needs immediate medical aid.
How to Overcome Morning Sickness during Pregnancy
To help overcome morning sickness, you need to keep a few things in mind which are listed below:
• Do not rush out of bed immediately. Sit back and relax to avoid queasiness resulting from sudden movements.
• Always keep light but healthy snacks by your bedside so that you can calm your empty stomach.
• Once you are pregnant, make it a habit to take small meals at frequent intervals to avoid regurgitation or indigestion. Do not stuff your stomach with heavy meals.
• Enjoy what you eat. Eat slowly to help it digest easily.
• Avoid too much spicy, oily or greasy foods during pregnancy.
• Yogurt is also an excellent choice when fighting morning sickness and is easy on the stomach too.
• Make it a habit to give your body adequate rest whenever you feel tired. Taking a short nap during the day is also helpful.
• Include a variety of healthy and balanced diet to provide your body the required nutrients during pregnancy.
• Include more carbohydrates like baked potato or white rice.
• Morning sickness might be due to the iron in the prenatal vitamins that you take. You can always consult your doctor to avoid such condition.
• Excessive vomiting may lead to dehydration. So, you must drink extra liquids to compensate for the loss.
• Keep yourself in a relaxed state of mind. Reading a book or doing a puzzle can keep your mind away from your morning sickness.
Following the above suggestions can help you in overcoming or at least reducing morning sickness during early pregnancy.