Posted by Avinav Malhotra on June 09, 2008

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is a very common psychological problem. Varying in degrees of acuteness, it is very commonly prevalent in today’s society. Many people have different types and forms of OCD. Now, people are coming out into the open because it is nothing to be ashamed of.

OCD basically is an unexplained urge suddenly felt that leads to some compulsive actions that have no relation whatsoever. Many a times, all of us have a feeling inside us to arrange a certain collection of objects in a certain way. To put them symmetrically or to line books likewise and to kick a pebble on the road. All these are, in general, different forms of OCD.

All individuals have OCD in one respect or the other. There is no problem as such in admitting it, because all you are doing is admitting to something everyone else faces too. But OCD has serious manifestations also in some people. In some instances, it grows into a serious problem and needs counseling and psychological help.

Some common forms of serious OCD are:-

1. Social anxiety disorder
Social anxiety disorder is an intense, persistent and chronic fear of judging oneself and feeling embarrassed and humiliated in presence of company. One is too conscious of his/her actions and feels that people would not approve of them. Common reactions are stammering, blushing and sweating.

2. Body dysmorphic disorder
BDD is a mental disorder where the affected person is excessively preoccupied with ones appearance. They see imaginary defects in their looks, features not being proportional or minor defects and even undergo surgery many times to somehow satisfy themselves.

3. Tourette’s syndrome
Tourette’s syndrome or tics disorder is an inherited neuro-psychiatric disorder. It varies in effect but is usually harmless and does not affect the sufferer physically. It includes compulsive clearing of the throat, coughing, sniffing etc.

4. Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder.
OPCD is often confused with OCD. It is, in fact, pretty different. Affected people do not feel the need to repeatedly perform ritualistic actions. This is more of “Perfectionism”. One feels anxious when things are “not right”.

Treatment for OCD and related disorders is not as simple as medication for other diseases. The specific technique, called Exposure and Ritual prevention (ERP), involves gradually learning to tolerate such anxieties.
Behavioral therapy (BT), Cognitive therapy (CTdefine), medications, or any combination of the three, is first-line treatments for OCD.

Psychological treatment may help managing the symptoms, but controlled studies have failed to demonstrate the effectiveness of Psychoanalysis or Dynamic Psychotherapy.

OCD is very common problem in society and is usually harmless. Many celebrities today have confessed to have faced it at some point. David Beckham cannot see beer cans in the refrigerator that are not aligned in a perfect manner. Leonardo DiCaprio can’t help stepping on chewing gum stains on the road. Donald Trump prefers to not shake hands. And Michael Jackson’s obsession with his looks needs no mention!

Live Punjab News Service

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