Do’s and Don’ts in Diet When You Have Kidney Stones

Kidney stones in the urinary tract are formed in several ways. Calcium can combine with chemicals, such as oxalate or phosphorous, in the urine. This can happen if these substances become so concentrated that they solidify. Kidney stones are very painful to pass.

If you’re trying to avoid kidney stones, what you eat and drink is as important as what you shouldn’t. Here are some key rules to keep in mind.

Stay hydrated: Fluids help to dilute the chemicals that form the stones. 12 glasses of water a day are recommended.

Increase up the citrus intake: Citrus can help to reduce the formation of stones. Good sources of citrus include lemons, oranges, and grapefruit.

Have calcium and vitamin-D-rich diet: If your calcium intake is low, oxalate levels may rise. Good sources of calcium include milk, yogurt, cottage cheese, and other types of cheeses.

Limit Salt: High sodium level leads to a buildup of calcium in the urine.

Lower your animal protein intake and a plant-based diet may be ideal.

Diet can be an effective tool in managing and preventing kidney stones. Staying hydrated and avoiding certain foods that are high in salt and sugar, and pairing calcium with oxalate-rich foods are important elements of a kidney stone diet.